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The Role of Oral Health Professionals in Recognizing and Assisting Trafficking Victims

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The Role of Oral Health Professionals in Recognizing and Assisting Trafficking Victims

Human trafficking is a global issue that affects millions of people, including men, women, and children. It is a form of modern-day slavery that involves the recruitment, transportation, and exploitation of individuals for various purposes, such as forced labor, sexual exploitation, or organ trafficking. While the responsibility to combat human trafficking falls on various sectors, oral health professionals can play a crucial role in recognizing and assisting trafficking victims.

1. Identifying Signs of Trafficking

Oral health professionals, such as dentists and dental hygienists, have the opportunity to interact with patients on a regular basis. During routine dental visits, they may observe physical and behavioral indicators that could suggest a patient is a victim of trafficking. These signs can include:

  • Unexplained injuries, such as bruising or burns
  • Signs of physical or sexual abuse
  • Poor oral health and hygiene
  • Signs of malnutrition or dehydration
  • Visible tattoos or branding, which could indicate ownership
  • Fearful or anxious behavior, especially in the presence of a companion
  • Inconsistent stories or reluctance to provide personal information

By being vigilant and observant, oral health professionals can identify these red flags and initiate appropriate actions to help potential trafficking victims.

2. Creating a Safe Environment

Oral health professionals can contribute to the fight against human trafficking by creating a safe and supportive environment for their patients. This includes:

  • Establishing trust and rapport with patients
  • Ensuring patient confidentiality
  • Providing a non-judgmental space for patients to share their concerns
  • Being sensitive to cultural and linguistic differences
  • Offering resources and referrals to support services

By fostering a safe environment, oral health professionals can encourage victims to disclose their situations and seek help.

3. Collaborating with Other Professionals

Oral health professionals should also collaborate with other healthcare providers, social workers, law enforcement, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to effectively assist trafficking victims. This collaboration can involve:

  • Sharing information and resources
  • Participating in training programs to enhance awareness and knowledge
  • Referring patients to appropriate support services
  • Advocating for policies and legislation that address human trafficking

By working together, these professionals can create a network of support and increase the chances of identifying and assisting trafficking victims.


Oral health professionals have a unique position to recognize and assist trafficking victims. By being vigilant, creating a safe environment, and collaborating with other professionals, they can contribute to the fight against human trafficking. It is important for oral health professionals to stay informed about the signs of trafficking and the available resources to provide the necessary support and assistance to those in need.

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