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Preserving Gains in Disinflation: RBI Governor’s Emphasis on Price Stability and Economic Growth


Gains in Disinflation Must Be Preserved: RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Governor, Shaktikanta Das, has emphasized the importance of preserving the gains achieved in disinflation over the past two years. In a recent statement, he highlighted the need for continued efforts to maintain price stability and ensure sustainable economic growth.


Disinflation refers to a decrease in the rate of inflation, which is the rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising and, consequently, the purchasing power of currency is falling. Over the last two years, India has made significant progress in reducing inflation and achieving price stability.

This has been possible due to various factors, including prudent monetary policy measures implemented by the RBI, as well as structural reforms undertaken by the government. These efforts have helped in controlling inflationary pressures and creating a favorable environment for economic growth.

The Importance of Preserving Gains

Governor Shaktikanta Das has stressed the importance of preserving the gains made in disinflation. This is crucial to maintain the credibility of the central bank and to anchor inflation expectations in the economy.

Preserving the gains in disinflation is essential for several reasons:

  1. Price Stability: Low and stable inflation is vital for maintaining price stability in the economy. It ensures that the purchasing power of consumers is not eroded over time and provides a conducive environment for businesses to plan their investments and operations.
  2. Monetary Policy Effectiveness: When inflation is under control, the central bank can effectively use monetary policy tools to manage the economy. It allows for greater flexibility in setting interest rates and implementing measures to stimulate or cool down economic activity as required.
  3. Investor Confidence: Preserving gains in disinflation enhances investor confidence in the economy. Low and stable inflation indicates a well-managed economy, which attracts both domestic and foreign investments. This, in turn, leads to increased economic activity and job creation.
  4. Wage Growth: When inflation is low, wage growth can be more sustainable. It ensures that workers’ incomes keep pace with the cost of living, leading to improved standards of living and reduced income inequality.

Challenges Ahead

While significant progress has been made in disinflation, there are several challenges that need to be addressed to sustain these gains:

  1. Supply-Side Pressures: Supply-side factors such as fluctuations in global commodity prices, supply chain disruptions, and structural bottlenecks can lead to inflationary pressures. These need to be managed effectively to prevent a resurgence of inflation.
  2. External Factors: Global economic conditions, including international crude oil prices and exchange rate fluctuations, can impact domestic inflation. Monitoring and managing these external factors is crucial to ensure price stability.
  3. Food Inflation: Food inflation, which has a significant impact on overall inflation in India, needs to be closely monitored. Measures to improve agricultural productivity, reduce post-harvest losses, and enhance supply chain efficiency can help in containing food inflation.
  4. Effective Monetary Policy: The RBI needs to continue implementing prudent monetary policy measures to manage inflation expectations and anchor them within the desired range. This includes carefully monitoring liquidity conditions, managing interest rates, and using other tools at its disposal.


The gains achieved in disinflation over the last two years are commendable and must be preserved. The efforts of the RBI and the government in maintaining price stability and promoting sustainable economic growth are crucial for the overall well-being of the Indian economy.

Continued vigilance, effective policy measures, and proactive management of challenges will ensure that the gains in disinflation are sustained in the long run. This will contribute to a stable and prosperous future for India.

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